CBD is causing a buzz in the wellness industry for all the right reasons. People are using it to manage various health conditions. Considering the side effects that pharmaceutical medications cause, a natural option like CBD appeals to many. However, before utilizing any product, you should know more about it first. Below is everything you need to know about CBD to answer the questions you might have.
What Is CBD?
CBD is the short form of cannabidiol, one of the cannabinoids present in the Cannabis plant. Industrial hemp is rich in CBD. Manufacturers use hemp to make various cannabidiol products. Companies use three types of CBD full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Full-spectrum contains all the beneficial components in hemp, including cannabinoids such as CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, and CBN. It also incorporates terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, fatty acids, and minerals. The various cannabinoids work together to offer an entourage effect.
Note that THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is another cannabis cannabinoid like CBD, but it makes users feel high. Do not worry. Full-spectrum CBD made from hemp has only 0.3 % THC, which will not leave you stoned. If you do not want to consume any THC; however, minute the amount, manufacturers offer products with broad-spectrum CBD for you. It contains other cannabinoids, though. However, CBD isolate contains cannabidiol as the only cannabinoid.
CBD: The Molecular Structure
CBD is a cannabis molecule consisting of 21 carbon, 30 hydrogen, and two oxygen atoms. It is chemically similar to the cannabinoids your body makes, which allows it to interact with receptors in your body.
CBD and the Human Endo-cannabinoid System
The human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that regulates various functions to ensure homeostasis. The system controls pain, mood, sleep, immunity, memory, and appetite, among other roles. Your body produces endogenous cannabinoids that help the system perform its functions properly. Besides, the ECS has CB1 and CB2 receptors. The receptors ensure the assimilation of cannabinoids into the system; thus, causing immune and psychoactive responses that correlate with cannabis consumption.
CBD is a plant cannabinoid that triggers your body to produce more endogenous cannabinoids to help alleviate various health conditions. Unlike THC that binds to the CB1 receptors and causes one to feel high, CBD minimally binds to the receptors. However, it regulates several non-cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system to provide relief for conditions we are about to discuss.
Note that CB1 receptors are mainly present in the brain. They are involved in cognition, memory, motor skills, and pain functions. CB2s are abundant in the immune and gastrointestinal systems.
Hemp, Marijuana, and CBD: What’s the Relation Among the Three?
Marijuana and hemp are Cannabis sativa varieties, but they vary in terms of composition. While hemp is rich in CBD and has 0.3 % THC or less, marijuana has high levels of THC. That is why it leaves users stoned. Manufacturers use industrial hemp in making cannabidiol products due to its high CBD amounts.
THC & CBD: Things You Must Know
THC and CBD are the well-known and most researched cannabinoids among the 108 cannabinoids present in cannabis. You already know that THC is responsible for making users feel high. On the other hand, CBD does not leave you stoned. The difference in how the two cannabinoids work arises from how they interact with the endocannabinoid system. THC interacts with the CB1 receptors that control motor abilities, memory, pain, and cognition functions. You take much of it, and physical coordination and memory become a problem, among other changes.
CBD does not interact with the CB1 receptors. However, it can help ease anxiety and inflammation, as it encourages your body to releases more cannabinoids to maintain balance. THC will show up in a drug test. It is what the experts look for in the process. However, CBD will not. However, cannabidiol can sometimes metabolize in a manner that reveals a false positive. Therefore, taking broad-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate may not help you pass a drug test entirely. Play safe.
Note that CBD and THC have the same molecular structure consisting of 21 carbon, 30 hydrogen, and two oxygen atoms. However, the atom arrangement in the two cannabinoids varies slightly, which accounts for the different effects CBD and THC have on your body.
Types of CBD Products
Various CBD brands are offering all kinds of cannabidiol products from creams, oils, vapes, to gummies. The form you choose depends on your preference and why you need CBD.
- For example, if you have sore muscles, CBD topicals such as creams, salves, balms, or relief sticks are ideal. They provide relief on a specific part of the body. Use CBD cream for pain on your aching joints.
- If you need a fun, delicious way to consume CBD, CBD gummies will be the best bet. They are available in mouthwatering flavors for you to select. Other CBD edibles include lollipops, candy strips, and syrups.
- CBD capsules are great for busy people. They are easy to use and discreet.
- Manufacturers also offer CBD e-liquids and vape pens, which provide quick relief. Vaping works fast, but the effects last for only long 2-3 hours.
- CBD isolate in powder form. You can add it to your food, beverages, CBD e-juice, or take it as it is.
- Apart from vaping CBD, CBD oil (also called drops or tinctures) is another way to get cannabidiol into your bloodstream quickly. You apply a few drops under your tongue and wait for 30 seconds before swallowing. You will feel the effects in 30 minutes, and they last for 4-5 hours.
The Use of CBD in Various Health Conditions and Medications
There are several CBD health benefits. The product helps users alleviate various conditions. For instance, it eases anxiety, where it calms you down and reminds your body that you are fine. That way, you are not in a tense fight or flee mode. You feel relaxed and calm. Since CBD has something to do with the mood function, it also reduces stress and manages depression. Cannabidiol also helps with pain to help you feel more comfortable. However, studies show that it works better for aches when used along with some THC. Therefore, full-spectrum CBD would be ideal here.
The best CBD oil to lower cancer symptoms, including pain and nausea, should be full-spectrum. Studies have proven CBD’s neuroprotective effects. However, the anti-cancer properties of cannabidiol are being studied in the U.S. and other countries. CBD can also reduce the severity and frequency of seizures or epilepsy patients. In fact, on June 25, 2018, the FDA approved a drug called Epidiolex. It contains CBD and assists in treating two pediatric seizure disorders Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Dravet Syndrome.
Besides, you can use CBD to deal with arthritis pain. Its anti-inflammatory properties aid with inflammation and skin conditions such as acne and eczema. It also alleviates nausea to improve your appetite.
Are There any Side Effects Involved with Using CBD?
CBD is a safe hemp derivative. It is not intoxicating. As long as you use it correctly, you have nothing to worry about. However, the side effects include dry mouth, fatigue, diarrhea, drowsiness, and changes in weight and appetite.
Is CBD Legal to Buy in the USA?
According to the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp is a cannabis herb with 0.3% THC or less. The bill made hemp and its derivatives (such as CBD) legal at the federal level. However, check the local regulations of your area regarding hemp before buying and using CBD.
CBD offers various health benefits. Anecdotal research and user reports show it can alleviate diseases. Although requiring more studies, CBD helps reduce anxiety, stress, depression, chronic pain, nausea, arthritis, and inflammation. It has manageable side effects, which rarely occur. If your medications have been causing you discomfort, try CBD for a change. However, speak with your doctor before using CBD products.